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Grünwald Geothermal Power Plant relies on KLINGER Fluid Control

KLINGER KHI ball valves ensure no scaling and smooth operation

“Erdwärme Grünwald”, with its geothermal power plant for district heating purposes, is a German energy transition pioneer. In the course of standard operation, however, the facility encountered significant performance issues and suffered unexpected downtime. The operators undertook several measures to remedy the situation – with mixed results. The Austrian company KLINGER Fluid Control was subsequently brought on board to provide a lasting solution. Their answer: KLINGER Ballostar KHI.


Get to know KLINGER Ballostar KHI


When the Erdwärme Grünwald geothermal power plant experienced unexpected downtimes and output issues, the source was quickly identified: Scaling. This term describes an undesired accumulation of matter in the pipe system, e.g. in the form of crystallized solids. It is frequently observed in geothermal water applications that feature an operating temperature greater than 70 °C as well as pressure fluctuations in the pipe system. And this phenomenon was also affecting the availability and the efficiency of the facility located in Oberhaching-Laufzorn, south of Munich.


Gruenwald Geothermal Power-Plant - ball versus butterfly valves

A flow comparison between a conventional valve and a KLINGER KHI ball valve highlights the localized area of turbulence caused by the disk of the butterfly valve

Contacts mentioned in the article:

  • Hannes Kraus, Head of Sales at KLINGER Fluid Control
  • Jörg-Gregor Marquardt, Sales Area Manager at KLINGER Fluid Control

Butterfly valves and pipe bends as root causes

Gruenwald Geothermal Power-Plant - butterfly valves scaling

Due to their design, butterfly valves are especially prone to the effects of scaling

Horst Wagner, Technical Head of Erdwärme Grünwald, remembers the efforts his team undertook to remedy the situation. “We repeatedly had to purge the system with sulfuric acid,” he explains, adding: “The performance losses, however, retuned after a few months. Furthermore, the process cost us a lot of time and money.”

Mr. Wagner quickly understood that they were only removing the symptoms, but not the cause. So he consulted the valve manufacturer KLINGER Fluid Control.

According to Mr. Marquardt, butterfly valves also pose a problem: “The valve is always exposed to the medium. When opened, the disk is oriented in parallel to the flow direction. And the result is similar to a blade that ‘cuts’ the thermal water: It causes turbulences. In other words, the pressure fluctuates at the butterfly valve.”

Last but not least, butterfly valves in geothermal processes are prone to malfunctioning: The solids tend to accumulate at the valve. This ultimately renders its opening and closing functions inoperable. As Horst Wagner of Erdwärme Grünwald can confirm, the results are further maintenance and service costs as well as additional downtime.


KLINGER Ballostar KHI counters scaling

Gruenwald Geothermal Power-Plant - ballostar HKI ball valves

KLINGER Ballostar KHI ball valves at Erdwärme Grünwald

In the course of their cooperation, KLINGER Fluid Control made an important recommendation to bring the output of the geothermal power plant back to the desired level: Exchanging the installed butterfly valves with KLINGER Ballostar KHI ball valves.

Hannes Kraus, Head of Sales at KLINGER Fluid Control, explains why: “KLINGER Ballostar KHI ball valves are designed for all kinds of district power applications. As a result of their full bore, their metallic sealing elements as well as the hard-chromium plated ball and flushing connections, little or no scaling occurs.”


KLINGER Ballostar KHI for unimpaired geothermal operation

KLINGER Fluid Control provided a total of nine KLINGER Ballostar KHI ball valves in the dimensions DN 150 to 300. They have been installed upstream of the heat exchanger in the thermal line and downstream of the heat exchanger in the district heating process. Horst Wagner is happy to report that they are working as intended: “Scaling has been reduced to an absolute minimum. We have not had a single period of downtime since their delivery and the valves shut reliably.” He concludes: “With our geothermal power plant now again operating at peak conditions, we can focus on our core business and return to contributing to the energy transition and a greener future.”

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

  • What is a ball valve used for?

    A ball valve is a shut-off valve. The flow of a liquid or gas is controlled by a rotating ball with a bore. By rotating the ball around its axis, the medium can flow through or be blocked.
  • What is a butterfly valve used for?

    A butterfly valve is a valve for regulating the flow. To stop the flow, the metal disc in the body of the valve is positioned vertically. For full flow, the metal disc is rotated by a quarter turn. Intermediate positions enable the regulation of the flow rate.
  • What is the difference between a ball and a butterfly valve?

    Ball valves are more efficient in sealing, longer lasting and easier to maintain than butterfly valves, but tend to be more expensive. Ball valves are often used for shut-off and control applications.

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Gruenwald Geothermal Power-Plant

The geothermal power plant operator Erdwärme Grünwald is at the forefront of Germany’s energy transition

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